We need to distinguish between the two terms plot and graph. In Quickplot a graph displays one or more plots. Quickplot displays each graph in a page tab, like pages in a web browser.
Quickplot can load data from: GUIs (graphical user interfaces), files listed on the command line, and from standard input (pipes) too. Data is loaded into channels. A channel represents a series of numbers, like for example the values for one variable, or a column of numbers in a spreadsheet. Other names for channel may be dimension, coordinate, degree-of-freedom, field, or component. We call them all channels in Quickplot. Any two channels may be plotted against each other whether they are from the same file or not. A plot is a graphically representation of two channels, call them the X and Y channels. Any number of plots may be made on a graph. The graph is like the paper we put the plots on.
Grab Zooming Put the pointer (mouse) in the graph window. Press the left mouse button and hold it while dragging the graph by moving the pointer. Release the left mouse button and the graph will stop moving with the pointer.
Zooming In Put the pointer (mouse) on a corner of a graph region you want to zoom to. Press the right mouse button and hold and drag the zoom box. Release the right mouse button then it is at another corner of the zoom region. Now Quickplot will zoom into that zoom region. You can zoom in as many times as you like.
While holding the left mouse button you can press the shift key or the control key while pulling the zoom box to "shift" or "resize about the center" respectively.
You can zoom to a view of smaller plots by just pressing and releasing the right mouse button, without moving the pointer. Do it again and the plots get even smaller. You can do this any number of times.
Zooming Out Put the pointer (mouse) in the graph window. Press the right mouse button and hold and drag the zoom box. Release the right mouse button then it (the zoom box) is past one edge of the graph window. Now Quickplot will zoom out to the previous zoom level. Pressing the z key will do the same thing.
Or to zoom out to a full view (top zoom level) of the graph: put the pointer (mouse) in the graph window. Press the right mouse button and hold and drag the zoom box. Release the right mouse button then the zoom box is past two edges (a corner) of the graph window. Now Quickplot will zoom out to the top zoom level (no zoom). Pressing Z (shift-z) will do the same thing.
First open the Graph Details window by typing 'g', by using the View menu, or by clicking the Graph Details button on the button bar. Then select the "Plots List and Values" tab. The middle mouse button is used for picking and displaying X and Y values from the graph. Just try it and see.
There are three modes of number display value picking, which may be selected on the top of the "Plots List and Values" page (tab):
For the "Pointer Values" and "Interpolate Plot Values" modes the number of significant digits displayed will vary with the value change per pixel. So you will not see digits that are not representative of the mouse position. Zooming will change the number of significant digits displayed.
Quickplot can read ASCII text and sound files:
Quickplot can load ASCII text (plan text) files. The number of values on each line need not be the same, but any missing values will be filled with NAN. Any number of non-number characters other than a new line character may used to separate numbers on a given line. NAN, INF, -NAN, -INF, +NAN, and +INF (lower case too) are numbers that can be read by quickplot. Any line starting with zero or more white space characters and then any one of ! " # $ % & ' ( ) / < = > ? @ C c is a comment line that is ignored. Any lines with no numbers that can be read will be ignored. If you wish to have a break in a plot line put a NAN (stands for not-a-number) in the channel (column) at the point (or non-point) where you wish to put the break at.
The interpretation of text as numbers depends on the standard C libraries strtod() function which is locale dependent. Example (from a typical USA locale):
In Austria (locale) it may look like:
The above example has three channels and eight samples (set of values) for each channel. A file may have any counting number of channels, that's 1,2,3,4 or more channels.
With the use of NAN, as a kind of plot line terminator, you can use Quickplot to draw figures composed of straight line segments. Here's a silly example. Copy and paste the following command to draw this house:
echo -e "-10 8 -8 1 -1.5 -6\n-10 -6 -4 1 1.5 -6\n\ 10 -6 -4 5 1.5 3\n10 8 -8 5 -1.5 3\nnan nan -8 1 -1.5 -6\n\ -13 8 nan nan\n13 8 4 1\n0 20 8 1\n-13 8 8 5\nnan nan 4 5\n\ nan nan 4 1" | quickplot -P --line-width=2 --no-grid \ --no-border --cairo-draw -C 'rgba(0,0,0,0)' --no-gui \ --no-points --geometry 79x87 -F -g "0 1 2 3 4 5"
Using NAN as a line terminator can be very handy when drawing phase plots when you need to avoid connecting points that should not be connected and you don't want to make more channels (degrees of freedom). For phase space plots the NAN can be thought of as a place holder where you removed part of the series because it is not accessible in the current model sampling.
If a file is loaded with a single channel an additional channel, with the same number of values as the channel in the file, will be added before the channel from the file.
Quickplot can read CSV files.
Using the package libsndfile Quickplot can read many sound file formats. An incomplete list of readable sound file formats includes: Ogg/Vorbis, Microsoft WAV, SGI/Apple AIFF/AIFC, and Sun/DEC/NeXT AU/SND. See the libsndfile home-page for a full list of supported sound file formats.
When loading a sound file the first channel (sequence) loaded will be the time sequence, then each sound channel will follow in separate channels. Quickplot may be a little slow with sound files larger than thirty seconds long. Thirty seconds of sound sampled at 44 kHz with one channel would load 1.32 million data points.
Graphs will be generated for each file loaded, unless options are given that tell Quickplot to do otherwise. The default number of plots in a graph will be up to 12 plots or just the number channels in the file minus one if that is less, unless options override that. The default initial plots will be of all channels except the first channel in the order that the channel was loaded from a file plotted against the first channel in the file. A time channel will be the first channel generated for all sound files loaded.
The order of argument options matters. Options take effect in the order that they are given with later options overriding earlier ones. The options that cause actions like graph "something" must come after the option that says to read the file that has "something" in it. In general, the order of argument options gives the order in which things happen as Quickplot starts up.
Short options, like -n20, that require a sub-argument, may not be grouped with other short options in one argument. For example the argument -on20, is not valid, but -oN is a valid argument with two options o (--no-points) and N (--no-pipe), and -n20 is a valid option (--number-of-plots=20) that sets the default number of plots to 20.
All of the command line options set things that can be changed with the Quickplot graphical user interface (GUI). For example, if you start with a graph with no lines and just points showing, you can click a GUI to add the lines after the program starts.
|FILE||read data from file FILE. If FILE is - (dash) then standard input will be read. This is the same as the --file option. See also --pipe.|
|--about||-a||display introductory information about Quickplot in a browser and exit|
|--auto-scale||-A||automatically select the X and Y scales for graphs containing more than one plot. This is the default. See also --same-x-scale, --same-y-scale, --same-scale --different-scale.|
|--background-color||-C||RGBA||set the color of the graph background. RGBA may be any string that GTK+ can parse into a RGB or RGBA color. For examples --background-color='rgba(0,0,255,0.5)' will make translucent blue, and -C '#050' will make a dark green.|
|--border||-b||add a border to main window. This is the default. See also --no-border.|
|--buttons||show the button bar in the main window. This is the default. See also --no-buttons.|
|--cairo-draw||-c||draw graphs using the Cairo API. Cairo drawing may be slower, but you get translucent colors and anti-aliasing in all aspects of the graph and in saved image files. See also --x11-draw.|
|--default-graph||-D||create the default graph for the current file and turn default graphing for future files read. If you give a --graph or --graph-file after this option you will generate an additional graph. A default graph will be made each time this option is encountered, so this can be used to control when, in the sequence of command line options, graphs are made. See also --no-default-graph.|
|--different-scale||-d||graphs with more than one plot will have different scales if the extreme values in each plot are not all the same. See also --same-scale, --same-x-scale and --same-y-scale.|
|--file||-f||FILE||read data from file FILE. If FILE is - (dash) then standard input will be read. See also --pipe.|
|--fullscreen||-F||make the main window fullscreen. See also --no-fullscreen and --maximize.|
|--gaps||interpret NAN, -NAN, INF, -INF, and double overflow numbers as a gap in the plot, and don't draw a connecting line to adjacent non-gap points. This is the default. See also --no-gaps.|
|--geometry||GEO||specify the position and size of the main window. To set the geometry back to the default just set GEO to NONE. Example --geometry=1000x300-0+30|
|--graph||-g||LIST||make a graph with plots LIST. The LIST is of the form "x0 y0 x1 y1 x2 y2 ...". For example: --graph "0 1 3 4" will make two plots in a graph. It will plot channel 1 vs channel 0 and channel 4 vs channel 3 in the same graph. Data channels are numbered, starting at 0, in the order that they are created as files are read. A separate graph tab will be created for each --graph option given. This --graph option must be after the file loading options that load the channels that it lists to plot. See also --graph-file.|
|--graph-file||-G||LIST||make a graph with plots LIST. The LIST is of the form "x0 y0 x1 y1 x2 y2 ...". Example: --graph-file "0 1 3 4" will make two plots in a graph. It will plot channel 1 vs channel 0 and channel 4 vs channel 3 in the same graph. A separate graph tab will be created for each --graph-file option given. This is like the --graph option except that the channel numbers start at zero for the last file read. They are relative channel numbers. So channel numbers for ---graph-file may be negative to refer to channels that came from files before the last file. This is handy if you load a lots of files and lose count of the number of channels loaded in each file.|
|--grid||draw a grid with the graph. This is the default. See also --no-grid.|
|--grid-font||-T||FONT||set the font used to in the grid label numbers. Example: --grid-font='Sans Bold 12'. The default grid font is "Sans 10".|
|--grid-line-color||RGBA||set the graph grid lines color. RGBA may be any string that GTK+ can parse into a RGB or RGBA color. For example --grid_line_color='rgba(255,0,0,0.5)' will make a translucent red.|
|--grid-line-width||-W||PIXELS||set the width of the grid lines if there are any|
|--grid-numbers||show grid numbers. This is the default. The grid must be showing to show grid numbers too. See also --no-grid-numbers.|
|--grid-text-color||RGBA||set the graph grid text color. RGBA may be any string that GTK+ can parse into a RGB or RGBA color. For example --grid_text_color='rgba(0,255,0,0.5)' will make translucent green.|
|--grid-x-space||-X||PIXELS||set the maximum x space between vertical grid lines. The minimum will be about half this. This distance varies as the scale changes due to zooming. This distance cannot be fixed due to the way Quickplot scales your graphs and always picks reasonable grid line spacing. See also --grid-x-space.|
|--grid-y-space||-Y||PIXELS||set the maximum y space between horizontal grid lines. See also --grid-x-space above.|
|--gtk-version||print the version of GTK+ that Quickplot was built with and then exit|
|--gui||show the menu bar, button bar, tabs bar, and the status bar. This is the default. See also --no-gui.|
|--help||-h||display help in a browser and exit|
|--label-separator||-p||STR||specifies the label separator string STR if labels are read in from the top of a text data plot file. The default value of STR is " " (a single space). See option: --labels.|
|--labels||-L||read labels from the first line of a text file that is not skipped. See also: --skip-lines, --label-separator and --no-labels.|
|--libsndfile-version||print the version of libsndfile that Quickplot was built with and then exit|
|--line-width||-I||PIXELS||specify the plot line widths in pixels. May be set to AUTO to let Quickplot select the line width based on the plot point density. AUTO is the default.|
option prepends a linear series channel to the file
|--local-menubars||disable that darn Ubuntu Unity globel menu bar. This will do nothing if not running with Unity.|
|--maximize||-m||maximize the main window. See also --no-maximize and --fullscreen.|
|--menubar||show the menu bar. This is the default. See also --no-menubar. This will do nothing if not running with the Ubuntu Unity window manager.|
|--new-window||-w||make a new main window for each graph|
|--no-border||-B||display graphs main windows with no borders|
|--no-buttons||hide the button bar in the main window. See also --buttons.|
|--no-default-graph||-U||stop making the default graph for each file loaded. See also --default-graph.|
|--no-fullscreen||don't make the main window fullscreen. This is the default. See also --fullscreen.|
|--no-gaps||-J||draw a line across NAN (-NAN, INF, -INF and overflow double) values if there are finite values on both sides. See also --gaps.|
|--no-grid||-H||don't draw graph grid lines in the graph. See also --grid.|
|--no-grid-numbers||don't show grid numbers. See also --grid-numbers.|
|--no-gui||-z||don't show the menu bar, button bar, tabs bar, and status bar. See also --gui.|
|--no-labels||-Q||don't read channel labels from the file. This is the default. See also --labels.|
|--no-linear-channel||-k||turn off adding a linear channel for up coming files. See also --linear-channel.|
|--no-lines||-i||plot without drawing lines in the graph. See also --lines.|
|--no-maximize||don't maximize the main window. This is the default. See also --maximize.|
|--no-menubar||-M||don't display the menu bar in the main window. See also --menubar. This will do nothing if not running with the Ubuntu Unity window manager.|
|--no-new-window||-Z||don't make a new main window for the graph. This is the default. See also --new-window.|
|--no-pipe||-N||don't read data in from standard input even if there is input to read. See also --pipe.|
|--no-points||-o||plot without drawing points in the graph. See also --points.|
|--no-readline||don't use GNU readline with the Quickplot command shell if you run with the --shell option. This will disable the use of line editing, shell history, and tab command completion. This option has no effect if Quickplot is not built with GNU readline.|
|--no-shape||turn off the use of the X11 shape extension. See also --shape.|
|--no-statusbar||hide the status bar in the main window. See also --statusbar.|
|--no-tabs||don't show the graph tabs in the main window. See also --tabs.|
|--number-of-plots||-n||NUM||set the default maximum number of plots for each graph to NUM|
|--pipe||-P||read graph data from standard input. By default Quickplot looks for data from standard input and stops looking if no data is found in some short amount of time. This option will cause Quickplot to wait for standard input indefinitely. If you would like to type data in from the terminal use --pipe. This option is the same as --file=-.|
|--point-size||-O||PIXELS||start Quickplot using plot point size PIXELS wide in pixels. This may be set to AUTO to have quickplot automatically set the point size depending on the point density that is in graph. AUTO is the default.|
|--points||show points in the plots in the graph. This is the default.|
|--print-about||prints the About document to standard output andthen exits. Use option --about to display an HTML version of the Quickplot About information.|
|--print-help||prints this Help document as ASCII text to standard output and then exits. Use option --help for displaying an HTML version of this help.|
|--read-pipe-here||-R||this is a place holder that tells Quickplot when to read the data from standard input. This is intended to give the option of telling Quickplot when to read standard input when Quickplot automatically determines whether to read standard input or not. See options --file, --pipe and --no-pipe.|
|--same-scale||-s||plot all plots in the same graph scale. See also --different-scale, --same-x-scale and --same-y-scale.|
use in place of
for finer control over how the x values of the plots
are scaled when you have more than one plot on a graph
use in place of
for finer control over how the x values of the plots
are scaled when you have more than one plot on a graph
|--shape||make graphs see through. It uses the X11 shape extension which was made famous by xeyes. The X11 shape extension may be a little flashy on some systems. Try using --shape with the --no-gui, --no-grid, and --no-border options to make a floating graph on your display. The use of the X11 shape extension is a property of the main window, not each graph tab. This option may not work well with fullscreen view. This will slow down graph drawing considerably. You can toggle this on and off with the x key. See option --no-shape.|
|--shell||-e||run a Quickplot command shell that reads commands from standard input and writes out to standard output. The default is no shell and standard input will be read as graph data. If Quickplot is reading standard input for plot data Quickplot will read shell commands from the controlling terminal (/dev/tty) after all the standard input has been read. You may use --no-pipe to stop standard input from being read as graph data. The shell can do most all the things that command-line options can do and a lot more. Run an interactive shell with quickplot --shell and use the help and tab completion to see how it works. You can also connect a Quickplot command shell to a running Quickplot program with the program quickplot_shell.|
|--signal||PID||signal SIGUSR1 to process PID after Quickplot is running.|
|--silent||don't spew even on error. The --silent option will override the effect of the --verbose option.|
|--skip-lines||-S||NUM||skip the first NUM lines when reading the file. This applies of all types of files that quickplot can read. Set NUM to zero to stop skipping lines.|
|--statusbar||show the status bar below the graph. This is the default. See also --no-statusbar.|
|--tabs||show the graph tabs. This is the default. See also --no-tabs.|
|--verbose||-v||spew more to standard output. See also --silent.|
|--version||-V||print the Quickplot version number and then exit returning 0 exit status|
|--x11-draw||-q||draw points and lines using the X11 API. This is the default. Drawing may be much faster than with Cairo, but there will be no translucent colors and no anti-aliasing in the drawing of the plot lines and points. There will be translucent colors and anti-aliasing in the background and grid. Also, saved images will not have translucent colors like they do with the Cairo draw mode. You can start drawing with X11 and switch to drawing with Cairo when you want to save an image. Use the r key or the View menu to switch back and forth between drawing with X11 and Cairo. See also --cairo-draw.|
For example the command
quickplot file0.txt file1.wav file2.csv file3.dat
will make four graphs in four tabs in one main window.
quickplot file0.txt file1.wav file2.csv --new-window file3.dat --no-new-window
will make two windows with two graphs in each window. You see: file1.wav will be forced to be graphed when the parser hits the argument file2.csv, and file2.csv will be forced to be graphed when the parser hits the file3.dat argument, at which time the --new-window is in effect which causes a new window to be used for file2.csv. file3.dat will be graphed in the same window as file2.csv because the --new-window option is not longer in effect when file3.dat is forced to be graphed at the end of the command line.
quickplot load1.txt --no-grid --no-lines load2.txt --lines=y --line-width=9 -F
will make a graph from data in file load1.txt with no connecting lines and no grid. It will make a graph from the data in load2.txt with lines with width 9 pixels and no grid. The main window displayed will not be full screen since the -F option was given after the main window would have been created. The two graphs will be in two different tab pages in the one main window.
quickplot --fullscreen --no-gui load1.txt --default-graph --gui --no-buttons --no-fullscreen --geometry=400x400-0+0 --new-window --graph "0 1" --geometry=400x400+0-0 load2.txt --background-color='rgba(140,140,200,0.6)' --cairo-draw
will make main window with a graph in full screen without GUIs, another smaller main window with the same plot in the top right corner with GUIs except for the buttons bar, and another small main window in the bottom left corner with a default graph of the file load2.txt drawn with Cairo with a translucent blueish gray background. The main windows are made when they have to be, which at the --default-graph, --graph "0 1", and at the end of the command line when for the default graph of the file load2.txt must be displayed. Notice all the graphs are made in a new main window. That's because the --new-window flag was set and is not unset as it could be with the --no-new-window command.
echo -e "graph zoom 2 1 -.5 0\ninput `tty`\n" | quickplot /usr/share/tuxpaint/sounds/areyousure.wav --shell --no-gui --no-pipe
will graph the tuxpaint areyousure.wav file with the view zoomed to the right half of the graph. If you ran this from a bash (or tcsh) shell with a tty, Quickplot program will connect a Quickplot shell to the tty and give you an interactive Quickplot shell after running the input tty command. The --no-pipe option keeps Quickplot from reading the standard input as graph data so that it can be read by the Quickplot shell. The Quickplot shell will be started after all the command line arguments are applied, so the shell command graph zoom 2 1 -.5 0 is applied to the graph that is showing after the all the command line arguments are processed. Type help at the Quickplot shell prompt. If you would like Quickplot to save your Quickplot shell history between sessions just create a .quickplot_history in your home directory with a command like `touch ~/.quickplot_history'.
The following GTK+ options are parsed by the GTK+ APIs (application programming interfaces), which Quickplot uses:
|--class=CLASS||Program class as used by the window manager|
|--display=DISPLAY||X display to use|
|--g-fatal-warnings||Make all warnings fatal|
|--gdk-debug=FLAGS||Gdk debugging flags to set|
|--gdk-no-debug=FLAGS||Gdk debugging flags to unset|
|--gtk-debug=FLAGS||Gtk+ debugging flags to set|
|--gtk-module=MODULE||Load an additional Gtk module|
|--gtk-no-debug=FLAGS||Gtk+ debugging flags to unset|
|--name=NAME||Program name as used by the window manager|
|--screen=SCREEN||X screen to use|
|--sync||Make X calls synchronous|
Quickplot has GUIs for all of the following immutable keyboard short-cuts:
|a||show information about Quickplot using a web browser|
|b||show/hide the button bar|
|c||copies the current focused main window so long as it is not maximized or in fullscreen|
|d||delete the main window. This will not close the last main window.|
|e||toggles the visibility of the main window border|
|f||toggles full screen viewing|
|g||show/hide the graph detail widget|
|h||show help using a web browser|
|i||save a PNG image of the graph|
|m||show/hide the menu bar or do nothing if there is a globel menu bar|
|n||make a new graph|
|o||open a data file|
|r||toggles between drawing with Cairo and X11|
|s||show/hide of the status bar|
|t||show/hide of the graph tabs|
|u||show/hide of all GUIs|
|w||makes a new main window|
|x||toggles the X11 shape extension on and off|
|z||zoom out one level|
|Z||Zoom out all the way|
|esc||close the current focused window. This will not close the last main window. If the current focused window is in full screen this will change it to non-full screen.|
|left/right arrow||the right and left arrow keys cycle though graph tabs when the buttons and tabs are not showing|
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